The Famous Casino of Monte Carlo Opened in 1863

Nonetheless, his tiny principality was tormented by domestic conflict partly as a result of Louis’ indecisiveness, and also because the majority of the population was of Italian descent; many of them supported the fascist regime of Italy’s Benito Mussolini. In 1943, the Italian Army invaded and occupied Monaco, setting up a fascist puppet government. Besides the presence of the French and Italian embassies, sixty-nine nations have consulate generals or consulates accredited in the Principality. Monaco became a member of the United Nations in 1991, and received its first foreign diplomatic representative on February 16th, 2006, when a French Ambassador was accredited to the Principality. Japan established diplomatic relations with Monaco in December of 2006, having previously only maintained consular relations. Monaco is known for its highly rated and famous casino, Monte Carlo, its beautiful Mediterranean outlook and the popular Grace Kelly, an Academy Award-winning Hollywood actress who married Prince Rainier and became Princess Grace of Monaco. The glamor and prestige associated with Monaco and its style-conscious people can be seen in the number of high class cars, designer fashion boutiques such as Chanel, trendy restaurants, and its royal family, especially since the marriage of Prince Rainier to Grace Kelly, later known as Princess Grace of Monaco.

Monaco has ten state-operated schools, including seven nursery and primary schools, one secondary school (Collège Charles III), one lycée (high school) that provides general and technological training (Lycée Albert 1er, which compares favorably to those in neighboring southern France), and one lycée (high school) that provides vocational and hotel training. Monaco actively participates in the United Nations, which it joined in 1993. Monaco is also a member of many international and intergovernmental organizations, including Interpol, UNESCO, and WHO. Only two European nations, France and Italy have permanent embassies located in the Principality. Founded in 1215 as a colony of Genoa, Monaco has been ruled by the House of Grimaldi since 1297. A principality was established in 1338. It has remained under Grimaldi control except for a brief period (1793 – 1814) under French control. Monaco has acquired the right to mint euro coins with Monegasque designs on their national side. Prior to 2002, Monaco minted their own franc coins, the Monegasque franc. In 2000, a report by French parliamentarians, Arnaud Montebourg and Vincent Peillon, alleged that Monaco has lax policies with respect to money laundering, including within its famed casino, and that the government of Monaco puts political pressure on the judiciary so that alleged crimes are not properly investigated.

The Principality of Monaco, more commonly known as Monaco, is a sovereign and independent state in Western Europe located along the French Riviera between the Mediterranean Sea and France. 2 Entirely in Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe. 1 Has majority of its territory in Asia. France. There are no natural resources to the country. In 2002, a new treaty between France and Monaco clarifies that if there are no heirs to carry on the dynasty, the Principality will remain an independent nation, rather than be annexed by France. ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Central Intelligence Agency, Monaco The World Factbook. ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 World Development Indicators, World Bank. ↑ « Financial Centers with Significant Offshore Activities » in Offshore Financial Centers. The remaining 21 percent is made up of 125 other nationalities that make up the country’s international population. La Rousse/Saint Roman (including Le Ténao) became the seventh ward, also created from a part of Monte Carlo. Larvotto became the sixth ward, created from a part of Monte Carlo. Fontvieille was added as the fourth ward, as a newly constructed area reclaimed from the sea (in the 1970s). Moneghetti became the the fifth ward, created from a part of La Condamine.

It lies on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, 11 miles east of Nice, France, and is surrounded on three sides by France and on the fourth by the sea into which its maritime claims extend to 13.8 miles. With a total area of 0.75 square miles, a land border of 2.7 miles, and a coast measuring 2.5 miles, the Principality of Monaco is the second-smallest independent state in the world, after the Vatican City. Monaco is divided into four sections: Monaco-Ville, the old city on a rocky promontory extending into the Mediterranean; La Condamine, the section along the port; Monte Carlo, the principal residential and resort area; and Fontvieille, a newly constructed area reclaimed from the sea. Marine Environment Laboratories Monaco. According to the “travels of Hercules” theme, also documented by Diodorus Siculus and Strabo, both Greeks and native Ligurian people asserted that Hercules passed through the area. According to the accounts of historian Diodorus Siculus and geographer Strabo, the area’s first permanent settlers were the mountain-dwelling Ligures, who emigrated from their native city of Genoa, Italy.

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